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On November 22, 1963, President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas, as his limousine was driven by the Texas School Book Depository building and through Dealey Plaza.
In anticipation of President Kennedy's visit, thousands of people lined the streets to view his motorcade. More than 75 amateur and professional photographers took over 500 exposures in and around Dealey Plaza on that day.
Included in the crowd was Dallas dressmaker Abraham Zapruder - whose 26 seconds of Kodachrome 8mm film are probably the most astonishing and disturbing footage ever recorded by an amateur photographer. Of all the films taken, Abraham Zapruder's is considered by many to be the most reliable and the best evidence that more than one assassin was at work in Dealey Plaza.
To investigate the murder, successor President Lyndon B. Johnson issued Executive Order No. 11130 on November 29, 1963, that created the "Warren Commission." When the Commission's final Report was issued September 24, 1964, the United States citizenry exhaled a collective sigh of relief. The Warren Commission's findings concluded that "...on the basis of the evidence before the Commission...[Lee Harvey] Oswald acted alone." There were no other assassins. Oswald himself was also assassinated - so no one "got away" with this most horrible of acts. Americans needed to believe that this "crime of the century" had been solved.
Very shortly after the Warren Commission Report was released, however, signs of dissatisfaction with the "official" findings began to surface. Books like Josiah Thompson's "Six Seconds in Dallas..." and Sylvia Meager's "Accessories After the Fact" and Harold Weisberg's "Whitewash" raised important - and legitimate - questions as to the Warren Commission's methodology and findings.
Since the Warren Commission, other governmental groups (and one non-federal investigation) have tried to discover the truth behind the assassination: the Rockefeller Commission; the Senate Intelligence Committee; the Garrison investigation; and, finally, the United States House of Representatives Select Committee on Assassinations (HSCA) in 1976.
The last official verdict on the assassination - released by the HSCA in 1979 - stated that "the Committee believes, on the basis of evidence available to it, that President John F. Kennedy was probably assassinated as a result of a conspiracy."
This Web site offers its visitors not only "classic" texts, manuscripts, and articles from the 1960s and 1970s, but also current papers on recent topics of debate - including the allegations of forgery of the photographic evidence and alterations of eyewitness testimony.
Ed Hoffman's story - which remains unchanged since 1963 (despite contrary information) - deserves attention. We have Lee Bowers seeing something occurring in the same general area as Ed saw. J.C. Price, too. And S.M. Holland. And James L. Simmons. And Constable Seymour Weitzman - as soon as he heard the shots, he raced from his position at the corner of Main and Houston Streets and was one of the first officers to reach the fence at the top of the Grassy Knoll.
So...Ed Hoffman is certainly not alone when he explains what he saw that day. Ed passed away March 24, 2010.
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Last Updated: July 6, 2012